Pipes and tubes are cylindrical hollow structures used primarily for conveying fluids, gases, or solids. While the terms "pipes" and "tubes" are often used interchangeably, there are slight differences between them. Pipes are generally used for conveying fluids and gases, while tubes are more often used in structural applications or for conveying fluids under pressure. Here's an overview of each aspect you asked about:

Common Materials:

Stainless Steel: Stainless steel pipes and tubes are popular due to their corrosion resistance, durability, and ability to withstand high temperatures. They are used in industries such as oil and gas, chemical processing, food processing, and construction.

Nickel Alloys: Nickel alloys offer excellent resistance to corrosion, high temperatures, and stress. They are commonly used in chemical processing, aerospace, marine, and power generation industries.

Copper Alloys: Copper and its alloys are known for their excellent thermal and electrical conductivity, corrosion resistance, and malleability. They find applications in plumbing, HVAC systems, electrical wiring, and heat exchangers.

Aluminium Alloys: Aluminium alloys are lightweight, corrosion-resistant, and have good thermal conductivity. They are used in applications where weight is a concern, such as automotive, aerospace, and construction industries.

Titanium Alloy: Titanium alloys offer a high strength-to-weight ratio, excellent corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility. They are commonly used in aerospace, medical implants, chemical processing, and marine applications.


Manufacturing Process Of Pipes & Tubes

Rolling and Welding

The strips pass through the number of rollers as per the required size. In the tubes-mill, the strip is gradually converted into the tubular shape. The fitted welding machine is then used to weld trim edges of the strip using TIG welding process.

Length Cutting

Rolled pipes and tubes thus manufactured are cut to the required lengths depending upon the industrial demand. We use a variety of methods—sawing, lathe cutting, rotary cutting, supported shear cutting, dual-blade shear cutting, and laser cutting.

Cleaning and Heating Phase

Subjected to cleaning to remove the dirt. Further, a heat treatment is given to these rolled pipes and tubes to remove the stresses that may occur due to welding and formation processes. Heat treatment is given on the continuously rolling hearth furnace.

Cold Drawing Process

Required size may not be obtained from the mill directly. Then, the cold operation process can be used to obtain the desired size. In the cold drawing process, the tube or pipe is drawn over the bench using Die plugs.

Finishing Process

Pipe and tubes are then subjected to cleaning, heat treatment, pickling and straightening. The computerized ink jet marking machine then mark the finished pipes or tubes. Then they marked with grade of material, size, heat number.

Features of Pipes and Tubes:

Corrosion Resistance: Many of these materials offer excellent resistance to corrosion, making them suitable for use in harsh environments.
Strength: Depending on the alloy and manufacturing process, pipes and tubes can be engineered to withstand high pressures and temperatures.
Ductility and Formability: Some materials like copper and aluminium alloys are highly ductile and easily formable, allowing for intricate shapes and designs.
Conductivity: Copper and some other alloys offer excellent thermal and electrical conductivity, making them suitable for applications requiring heat transfer or electrical conduction.

Applications of Pipes and Tubes:

Oil and Gas Industry: Pipes and tubes are used for transporting oil, natural gas, and other fluids in exploration, production, and refining processes.
Chemical Processing: They are used for conveying various chemicals in chemical plants and refineries.
Construction: Pipes and tubes are used in plumbing, HVAC systems, structural supports, and architectural elements.
Aerospace: They are used in aircraft structures, hydraulic systems, and fuel lines.
Automotive: Tubes are used in exhaust systems, fuel lines, and structural components.
Medical: Tubes made from certain alloys like titanium are used in medical implants and surgical instruments.

Advantages of Pipes and Tubes:

Durability: Many of these materials offer high durability and longevity, reducing maintenance and replacement costs. Corrosion Resistance: The corrosion-resistant properties of materials like stainless steel and nickel alloys make them suitable for use in corrosive environments.
Temperature Resistance: Some alloys, such as titanium, can withstand extreme temperatures, expanding their range of applications.
Lightweight: Aluminium and titanium alloys are lightweight, making them suitable for applications where weight is a concern, such as aerospace and automotive industries.
Conductivity: Copper alloys offer excellent thermal and electrical conductivity, making them suitable for heat exchangers and electrical applications.

Calico Metal Alloy Pvt Ltd stands out as a premier supplier and exporter of pipes and tubes for numerous reasons. Our commitment to quality is unparalleled, ensuring that every product meets stringent industry standards. With a wide range of alloys and sizes available, we cater to diverse industrial needs with precision and reliability. Our team comprises experienced professionals dedicated to providing exceptional service, from consultation to delivery. We prioritize customer satisfaction, offering competitive pricing and prompt responses to inquiries. Trust Calico Metal Alloy Pvt Ltd for superior products, reliable service, and a seamless procurement experience.

Pipes & Tubes Specifications

Standard ASTM A789, A790
Outside Diameter 6-203mm
Wall Thickness 0.5-25mm
Length Up to 25m
Schedule SCH 5 to SCH XXS
Delivery Condition Pickled, Polished, Bright Annealed
Technique Seamless/Welded
Application Heat Exchanger, Heater, Condenser, Machining, Bearing Machining, API Service…
Package Woven bag, wooden case, or as per customer's requirement.
Quality Requirement Mill Test Certificate (EN 10204/3.1); Third Part Inspection is acceptable.

Types Of Pipes & Tubes


Seamless Pipe


Welded Pipe


ERW Pipe


Seamless Tube


Welded Tube


ERW Tube


Other Types Of Pipes & Tubes

Stainless Steel Thick Wall Pipe Duplex Steel Welded Pipe
Inconel Seamless Pipe Monel Industrial Pipes
Hastelloy EFW Pipe Titanium ERW Pipe
Nickel Square Pipe Alloy Steel Capillary Tube
Duplex Steel Polished Pipes Super Duplex Cold Drawn Pipe & Tubes
Copper Schedule 40 Pipe SS Welded Tube

Pipes & Tubes Industrial Application

Electrical Industry


Automotive Industry


Construction Industry


Defence Industry


Pharmaceutical Industry


Petroleum Industry


Petrochemical Industry


Milk & Dairy Industry

Milk & Dairy

Export & Supply Destinations Of Pipes & Tubes

Switzerland, Germany, Ukraine, Liechtenstein, Bulgaria, Turkey, Belarus, Greece, Belgium, Estonia, Latvia, Ireland, France, Moldova, Spain, Poland, Austria, Monaco, Malta, Luxembourg, Lithuania, Italy, Cyprus, United Kingdom, Hungary, Portugal, Norway, Romania, Finland, Netherlands, Slovakia, Serbia, Czechia/Czech Republic, Azerbaijan, Croatia, Russia, Sweden, Denmark.

Malaysia, Iraq, Bahrain, South Korea, Lebanon, Macau, Afghanistan, Oman, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Thailand, Azerbaijan, India, Bangladesh, Taiwan, Philippines, Mongolia, Nepal, Indonesia, British, Bhutan, United Arab Emirates, Singapore, Iran, Vietnam, Israel, Sri Lanka, Jordan, Russia, Myanmar, Kuwait, Armenia, Egypt, Qatar, China, Japan, Hong Kong, Maldives, Kyrgyzstan.

Kenya, Namibia, Mauritania, Mozambique, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Zimbabwe, Seychelles, Central African Republic, Angola, Rwanda, Zambia, Botswana, Burundi, Libya, Morocco, Senegal, Mauritius, Nigeria, Liberia, Eswatini, Gambia, Algeria, South Africa, Tunisia, Niger, Egypt, Cameroon, Uganda, Tanzania, Burkina Faso.

Haiti, El Salvador, Saint Lucia, Mexico, Canada, Belize, Trinidad and Tobago, Guatemala, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Costa Rica, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Bahamas, Panama, Grenada, Cuba, Dominica, Jamaica, United States of America, Barbados, Nicaragua.

Argentina, Ecuador, Brazil, Paraguay, Chile, Bolivia, Venezuela, Uruguay, Colombia, Suriname, Peru, Guyana.